Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
What causes rotator cuff impingement syndrome?
Rotator cuff impingement syndrome happens when there is not enough room for the rotator cuff tendons to move freely under the acromion, a bony bump on top of the shoulder blade. The tendons of the rotator cuff get pinched under the acromion and become inflamed.
What is the rotator cuff?
The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons in the shoulder joint. They help you move your arm by rotating it, raising it up, and pulling it out to the side. The rotator cuff also helps keep your shoulder stable when you lift something heavy or do other activities with your arm.
What are the symptoms of rotator cuff impingement syndrome?
The rotator cuff tendons on the top of the shoulder can get pinched. If this happens, you might feel pain when lifting your arm above your head or bringing it across your body. You might also have a stabbing pain in the front of your shoulder or side of the shoulder. Pain is usually worse while lying on that side at night. It may also be more painful when lifting light objects, like a cup of coffee, but less painful when lifting heavier objects.
How is rotator cuff impingement syndrome treated?
Treatment for rotator cuff impingement syndrome includes resting from activities that cause pain, ultrasound treatment, physical therapy exercises, anti-inflammatory medication, steroid injections into the shoulder bursa, and occasionally surgery.
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